Spanish Adjectives

Lesson 6



Protected by Copyscape Duplicate Content Checker




Let's get started with Lesson 6 - Spanish Adjectives

(1)SPANISH LESSON SUMMARY

Spanish adjectives - like Spanish nouns (see Lesson 4 ) - can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural.

Adjectives must "agree" with the noun that they are describing - for example, if the noun is feminine & singular, the adjective must also be feminine & singular.

We shall learn how to convert adjectives from one form to another.

(2)SPANISH LESSON CONTENT & AUDIO

EXAMPLES OF ADJECTIVES FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
(shown underlined)


el café solo

el transporte público

la hija mayor

la hija menor


Easier listen & repeat audio option

Harder listen & repeat audio option

  
Easier listening audio option

Harder listening audio option


Unable to see the audio player?
Make sure your browser and/or adobe software is up to date.


MORE ADJECTIVES


Vivimos en una casa blanca con un techo rojo.
Tiene tres dormitorios grandes y un dormitorio pequeño.
También tenemos un jardín grande con una piscina pequeña.
Yo tengo un coche rojo, viejo. Mi marido tiene una moto negra.
Los niños tienen bicicletas nuevas.
Vivimos en una casa blanca con un techo rojo. Tiene tres dormitorios grandes y un dormitorio pequeño. También tenemos un jardín grande con una piscina pequeña. Yo tengo un coche rojo, viejo. Mi marido tiene una moto negra. Los niños tienen bicicletas nuevas.

Click on this link to download audio for
Lesson 6 - Spanish Adjectives


Show Lesson Guidelines

(3)SPANISH LESSON EXPLANATION & NOTES

Spanish Adjectives Come After Nouns

You may have noticed in the passage above that Spanish adjectives come after the noun and not before it. In other words - contrary to English - you say "the house white" (la casa blanca) rather than "the white house".

If more than one adjective is used to describe the same noun, all the adjectives come after the noun - for example, "un coche rojo, viejo" ("a car red, old").

There are some situations where it is acceptable to put certain Spanish adjectives before the noun for emphasis. We will not be going into the detail of this in this lesson as the rule only applies to a handful of Spanish adjectives.

For now, suffice to say that putting adjectives after the noun is never wrong.

How to Convert Spanish Adjectives from Masculine to Feminine

Only adjectives that end in "o" or "a" change between masculine and feminine.

- if an adjective ends in "o" or "a", the form ending in "o" is used with masculine nouns and the form ending in "a" is used with feminine nouns:

    for example, "un techo rojo" (masculine noun, masculine adjective) and "una casa blanca" (feminine noun, feminine adjective);

- if an adjective does not end in "o" or "a" (if it ends in any other letter of the alphabet) the adjective does not change:

    for example, "un jardín grande" (masculine noun)" and "una piscina grande" (feminine noun, same adjective).


How to Convert Spanish Adjectives from Singular to Plural

The rules for converting adjectives from singular to plural are the same as those for nouns.

- if the singular adjective ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o or u), then you
  add "s" to form the plural:

    for example, "un dormitorio pequeño" becomes "unos dormitorios pequeños";

- if the singular adjective does not end in a vowel, then you
  add "es" to form the plural:

    for example, "el hijo mayor" becomes "los hijos mayores".


Is there something in this lesson that you didn't understand?

Is there something you feel could do with further clarification?

Do you think you've spotted an error?


Click here or on the "CONTACT US" link in the left-hand navigation bar to submit your questions and comments. I will answer your query to the best of my ability.

(4)KEY POINTS OF SPANISH LESSON

Spanish nouns and Spanish adjectives must always 'agree'.

- feminine nouns take feminine adjectives (ending in "a" if applicable),
- masculine nouns take masculine adjectives (ending in "o" if applicable),
- singular nouns take singular adjectives and
- plural nouns take plural adjectives.


As I said in Lesson 4 on Spanish Nouns ...

Learn Spanish phrases and sentences - not individual words.

By listening to whole Spanish expressions, phrases and sentences regularly, intuitive use of the correct form of adjectives will happen much more quickly than through learning of rules alone.

Regular and repetitive listening ensures that your brain knows what sounds right.

You can certainly learn the rules and do lots of Spanish listening. But if you're only going to do one, stick to listening.

Remain motivated to learn Spanish by making the process easy and enjoyable..

(5)NEW VOCABULARY

Lesson 6 - Spanish Adjectives
New Spanish Vocabulary List


Español English
 
la  bicicleta bicycle

blanco white
la  casa house, home

grande big, large
el  jardín garden
el  marido husband
la  moto motorbike (motorcycle [US])

negro/a black
el/la  niño/a child, little boy / girl

nuevo/a new

pequeño/a little
la  piscina swimming pool

rojo red
el  techo roof

tienen they have

un/a a, one

viejo/a old

vivimos we live

Proceed to Lesson 7 - Spanish AR Verbs - Present Tense Part I >>>

<<< Or return to Lesson 5 - How to Pronounce Spanish Part III





FREE
SPANISH VERBS AUDIO EBOOK


Spanish ER Verbs Audio Ebook

FAST TRACK your Spanish learning!

- FREE Spanish verbs ebook with audio
- FREE subscriber-exclusive audio files
- and regular Spanish-learning tips & shortcuts

'Succeeding at Spanish Together'
FREE Ezine

SIGN UP NOW!

Email

Name

Then

Don't worry -- your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you "Succeeding at Spanish Together" E-zine.


Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave a comment in the box below.

Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave a comment in the box below.





FREE
SPANISH VERBS AUDIO EBOOK


Spanish ER Verbs Audio Ebook

FAST TRACK your Spanish learning!

- FREE Spanish verbs ebook with audio

- FREE subscriber-exclusive audio files

- and regular Spanish-learning tips & shortcuts

'Succeeding at Spanish Together'
FREE Ezine

SIGN UP NOW!

Email

Name

Then

Don't worry -- your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you "Succeeding at Spanish Together" E-zine.





}